Creatures of the Amazon
Amazonian Brown Brocket

By Eddie Lalo Calderon

A Red Brocket Deer Mazama nemorivaga

The Amazonian brocket, also known as Small Brown Brocket Deer, is a small species of deer that is almost entirely restricted to South America.

The Brocket's habitat

Habitats it is found in include primarily nonflooded Amazonian tropical rainforest, and locally also tropical deciduous forest and xeric shrublands, at altitudes up to 1,500 metres (4,900 ft).

Breeding occurs year round in some areas, with births tending to be concentrated in the rainy season.

They have a large geographic distribution mostly associated to the Amazon basin forests, non-flooded areas. Although this species is threatened by loss of habitat and local hunting (mainly for subsistence), it occurs in several protected areas throughout its range. Besides, several studies have shown that over hunting is not a real threat to this deer (at least not in northeastern Peru), due to its ability of dispersal, difficulty of capture, and fast rates of reproduction.
Peruvian Dwarf Brocket

also known as Chunitaruca, Chunyi, or Dwarf Brocket

The Dwarf Brocket (Mazama chunyi), or Chunyi, is a small species of deer native to the Andean highlands in western Bolivia and south-eastern Peru, where found in forest and páramo. Its pelage is redddish-brown with dark grey foreparts and neck. The underparts are lighter brown, and the muzzle short and thick. It weighs approximately 11 kilograms.

A little studied species of brocket deer, the International Union for Conservation of Nature considers the Dwarf Brocket as Vulnerable. Research has occurred in the forests of Bolivia, expanding known localities and modelling geographic distribution; while as much as 40% of the habitat was degraded or fragmented, the rest showed good conservation. This led to the recommendation of treating it as "Vulnerable".
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