The area originally set aside in 1940 became a national reserve in 1972. A number of ranger stations were set up to enforce reserve laws and monitor wildlife. The objectives of the reserve are to foster research and protection for all species of wildlife, foster socio-economic help for the local people and utilization of resources and tourism. Tourism plays an important role in that it brings in funds through an entrance fee that helps support the various programs and promotes awareness of the wildlife and plant resources within the reserve and the need for its continued protection. The Pacaya-Samiria National reserve is a good place to see pink Dolphins, a huge birds, like Cormorants, King Fishers, White Egrets, Toucans and Macaws, as well as go fishing for some piranhas and other fish species. In this area, not only the fauna and flora, or the beatiful landscapes constitue focuses of interest. Qithin the environs of the park dwell populations gathered in more than 30 rural communities. There are also groups of native Amazonian.
The reserve is home to, and protects, almost all those species native to low-lying jungle that are threatened with extinction, including the Spider monkey, the giant nutria, and Manati, as well as the Harpy Eagle.
The large number of lakes, creeks and swamps, the unique untouched scenery, the exuberant forest and the rich wildlife make the reserve an attractive destination for ecological tourism, scientific expeditions, exploration and adventure cruises.
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